Host McGuire was quoted in the Daily Telegraph as saying "This one is the easiest show of the lot"...and on paper, it seems that way. Eight questions and the money is yours!
But this is where Behavioural Economics comes in. The concept of loss aversion. Pretty simply, we are hard wired to avert loss because it is psychologically painful. Therefore to risk a loss of say, $50, I'd need the motivation of a potential gain of say $150. For contestants on Million Dollar Drop, they are going to be confronted with a significant amount of psychological stress resulting from the perceived "loss" of money for an incorrect answer as it physically drains away from the stack in front of them. The pain of this loss will be much greater than they ever would have faced in a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, where they gained money along the way.
'Crazy people', I hear you say. Why on earth would they feel pressure when they don't even 'own' the money in the first place? 'Let me go on and I'll show them how it's done!' That's the armchair hero talking and using a rational argument ie we act perfectly rationally at all times and make decisions on the basis of logic and data. In other words, that being asked a question for $1 million is the same as a question for $1. But as Dan Ariely points out in both Predictably Irrational and Upside of Irrationality, we are not always rational and we are very prone to real and perceived emotional, intellectual and psychological forces. That's why we drive across the suburb to queue for 4 cents off a litre of petrol. That's why we can justify a new $200 handbag but baulk at buying our favourite loaf of bread if its not on sale. That's why we tune in to see people on game shows for the emotional and often painful rollercoaster ride.
So what can we take from Channel 9's new symposium on Behavioural Economics?
- Offset the risk where possible - Can you make your sale risk-free for your customer? Money back guarantees and product warranties have been successful strategies for a very long time for a very good reason. If you can't offset the risk, then...
- Gain must exceed risk of loss - If you are running a consumer promotion, what are you asking your customers to lose for the chance to gain? How much money must they spend or energy expend to participate? If the payoff is not much greater than the loss then they will not participate.
- Scale the pressure - Acknowledge that your customer will be going through various levels of psychological pressure throughout the sales process. Look for signs of tension and help them through using any strategies at your disposal. Imagine a car sale - the further away from my budget I get with the model you try to up sell (loss), the more I'll be seeking reassurance about features and options you can 'throw in' (gain). The harder you push me for a long-term contract (loss), the more I'll need comforting about the benefits to me (gain).
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